Can e-learning replace classroom learning ?
A study done by the University of Maryland and the University of Arizona has shown that:
- E-learning is more effective than traditional classroom learning through a teacher.
In this study, the statistics compiled have affirmed this theory as follows:
|Traditionnal classes||Online classes|
|Traditionnal classes||Online classes|
In the post-study questionnaires, most students in the online groups reported having enjoyed the multimedia presentation in the virtual classroom and were satisfied with the self-learning learning process. They also felt that sufficient interactivity and flexibility were essential for an online learning environment.
In a traditional classroom, learning is very instructor-oriented and sequential. Although many instructors encourage students to ask questions during lectures, for a variety of reasons, many students do not ask or ask for rehearsals in the classroom, even if they have difficulty understanding lectures. , and they do not have the opportunity to relearn the content of the conference.
In contrast, a virtual environment emphasizes learner-centered activity and interactivity. When a student does not understand a specific concept, he or she can choose a particular content to review until it is fully understood.
Their survey shows that Internet and multimedia technologies are reshaping the way knowledge is provided and that online learning is becoming a real alternative to traditional classroom learning.
The results were consistent: test scores for students who participated in online classroom conferencing were significantly higher than those for students in traditional class groups.
As shown in the table, e-learning groups have significantly outperformed traditional class groups as measured by test scores.
- Dongsong Zhang (email@example.com) is an assistant professor in the Department of Information Systems, University of Maryland, Baltimore County.
- Leon Zhao (firstname.lastname@example.org) is an associate professor in the Department of Management Information Systems, The University of Arizona, Tucson.
- Lina Zhou (email@example.com) is an assistant professor in the Department of Information Systems, University of Maryland, Baltimore County.
- Jay F. Nunamaker Jr. (firstname.lastname@example.org) is Regents’ & Soldwedel Professor in the Department of Management Information Systems, The University of Arizona, Tucson.
- Fallah, M.H., How, W.J., and Ubell, R. Blind scores in a graduate test: Conventional compared with Web-based outcomes. ALN Magazine 4, 2 (2000).
- Hara, N. and Kling, R. Students’ distress with a Web-based distance education course: an ethnographic study of participants’ experiences. Information, Communication and Society 3, 4 (2000), 557–579.
- Hiltz, S.R. and Turoff, M. What makes learning networks effective? Commun. ACM 45, 4 (Sept. 2002), 56–59.
- Hiltz, S.R. and Wellman, B. Asynchronous learning networks as a virtual classroom. Commun. ACM 40, 9 (1997), 44–49.
- Kumar, A., Kumar, P., and Basu, S.C., Student perceptions of virtual education: An exploratory study. In Proceedings of 2001 Information Resources Management Association International Conference (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2001), Idea Group Publishing, 400–403.
- Latchman, H.A., Salzmann, C., Gillet, D., and Bouzekri, H. Information technology enhanced learning in distance and conventional education. IEEE Transactions on Education 42, 4 (1999), 247–254.
- Maki, R.H., Maki, W.S., Patterson, M., and Whittaker, P.D. Evaluation of a Web-based introductory psychology course: learning and satisfaction in online versus lecture courses. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers 32, 2 (2000), 230–239.
- Morales, C., Cory, C., and Bozell, D. A comparative efficiency study between a live lecture and a Web-based live-switched multi-camera streaming video distance learning instructional unit. In Proceedings of 2001 Information Resources Management Association International Conference (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, 2001), 63–66.
- Piccoli, G., Ahmad, R., and Ives, B. Web-based virtual learning environments: A research framework and a preliminary assessment of effectiveness in basic IT skills training. MIS Quarterly 25, 4 (2001), 401–426.
- Shea, R.H. E-learning today—As an industry shakes out, the survivors offer no-frills education for grown-ups. U.S. News & World Report. October 28, 2002.
- Zhang, D. Virtual Mentor and Media Structuralization Theory, Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona (2002).