Chemical burns

Chemical burns are skin and tissue injuries that occur when the skin is exposed to chemicals. These substances can be cleaning products, acids, bases, pesticides or other chemicals commonly used in everyday life. The most common symptoms include severe pain, redness and swelling of the affected area, and blistering.

It is important to act quickly in the event of a chemical burn and immediately flush the affected area with clean water for at least 20 minutes. It is also crucial to contact a physician immediately after the incident to assess the severity of the injury and receive appropriate treatment.

Chemical burns can be classified by severity, ranging from simple redness to extensive, deep burns. Mild burns can usually be treated at home with over-the-counter pain relievers, moisturizers and cool compresses. However, severe chemical burns require immediate medical attention, as they can lead to permanent scarring, infection and other potentially life-threatening complications.

Therefore, in the event of a chemical burn, it is essential to take preventative measures to avoid accidents, such as wearing gloves and protective clothing when handling chemicals and avoiding mixing different chemicals.


Definition and Meaning

Chemical burns are skin injuries caused by exposure to corrosive chemicals, such as acids, bases or solvents. Chemical burns can be caused by direct exposure to the skin, eyes or mucous membranes, as well as by ingestion or inhalation of toxic substances. Symptoms of chemical burns can include severe pain, redness and inflammation of the affected area, blistering and peeling of the skin. Chemical burns can be extremely serious, causing permanent scarring, impaired vision, breathing difficulties and other serious complications. Treatment for chemical burns depends on the severity of the injury and may include irrigating the affected area thoroughly with clean water, administering antidotes and pain medication, and managing any complications. It is important to take appropriate precautionary measures when handling potentially hazardous chemicals to avoid chemical burns.

Its symptoms and treatment

Symptoms of chemical burns usually include:

  • pain,
  • swelling,
  • discharge of fluid,
  • blisters
  • redness of the affected area
  • etc.

In severe cases, there may also be :

  • Nausea,
  • vomiting,
  • dizziness,
  • respiratory problems
  • etc.

It is important to immediately rinse the affected area with clean water for at least 20 minutes, and to consult a physician to assess the severity of the burn and receive appropriate treatment.



Prevention of chemical burns is essential to protect the health and safety of those exposed to these chemicals. It is important to read chemical labels and instructions before using them, to wear gloves and goggles when handling them, and to store chemicals in a safe and well-labeled area. In case of an emergency, it is important to know the emergency numbers and proper procedures.

In a nutshell

Chemical burns are injuries caused by commonly used chemicals, it is important to know how to recognize, treat and prevent them to protect our health.