Therapeutic hypothermia is a medical method that involves deliberately cooling an unconscious person's body to a low temperature for an extended period of time, usually 24 to 48 hours. This technique slows down the metabolism and decreases the body's need for oxygen, which can protect the tissues from damage that might occur from a lack of oxygen.
Therapeutic hypothermia is commonly used in resuscitation after cardiac arrest to reduce the risk of death and neurological complications. This technique is also used in the treatment of traumatic brain injury, stroke and other medical conditions that can cause damage to brain tissue.
During therapeutic hypothermia, the body temperature is lowered to a specific level, usually between 32 and 34 degrees Celsius, using techniques such as cooling the surface of the body, infusing cold fluids into the body or using ice blankets. This temperature is maintained during the treatment period to protect body tissues.
Although therapeutic hypothermia is an effective technique for improving resuscitation outcomes after cardiac arrest, it can also lead to complications, such as infections, electrolyte disturbances, and heart rhythm disturbances. For this reason, therapeutic hypothermia must be administered by trained and qualified health care professionals.
Definition and Meaning
Therapeutic hypothermia is a medical technique that involves deliberately lowering the body temperature of an unconscious person to a low temperature for an extended period of time, usually 24 to 48 hours. This method slows metabolism and protects body tissues, and is primarily used in resuscitation to reduce mortality and neurological complications after cardiorespiratory arrest.
Temperature and duration of application
In general, therapeutic hypothermia is used at a moderate temperature, usually between 32 and 34 degrees Celsius. Studies show that the best results are obtained when the temperature is maintained at 32 degrees Celsius. The duration of application varies with each case.
Use in resuscitation
Therapeutic hypothermia is primarily used in resuscitation following cardiac arrest. It reduces mortality and neurological complications, but has no influence on cognitive function.
Therapeutic hypothermia is recommended for victims of cardiac arrest because it offers significant benefits in terms of survival and reduction of neurologic complications. It is important to note that therapeutic hypothermia is induced by trained and experienced medical personnel.