Poisoning is a physiological disorder caused by the absorption of a toxic substance foreign to the body. This absorption can occur in different ways: by inhalation, ingestion, skin contact or direct injection. Poisoning can be caused by germs, inedible products, inappropriate medications, criminal poisons, or toxic natural or synthetic products.
There are five main types of poisoning, each with specific causes and symptoms. The first type is respiratory poisoning, which occurs when toxic substances are inhaled, affecting the lungs and airways. This can occur in occupational environments or during fires or toxic fumes. Common symptoms include difficulty breathing, coughing, chest pain and dizziness.
The second type is food poisoning, which occurs when food or drink contaminated with germs or toxic chemicals is ingested. Common symptoms include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal cramps and fever.
The third type is drug poisoning, which occurs when a drug is misused, overdosed or taken in combination with other drugs that interact negatively. Symptoms can vary depending on the drug in question, but can include headaches, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, seizures and loss of consciousness.
The fourth type is drug addiction, which is a form of chronic intoxication caused by long-term drug or alcohol use. Symptoms may include memory loss, mood changes, decreased coordination and tremors.
The fifth type is poisoning, which is caused by exposure to criminal poisons, natural or synthetic toxins. Symptoms may vary depending on the poison in question, but may include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, convulsions, loss of consciousness and even death.
Poisoning is a serious medical condition caused by the absorption of a toxic substance, which can result in a variety of symptoms depending on the type of poisoning. It is important to know the causes and symptoms of each type of poisoning in order to prevent emergencies and to take the necessary steps for prompt and appropriate medical attention.
Definition and Meaning
Poisoning is a physiological disorder that occurs when the body absorbs a foreign toxic substance, whether by inhalation, ingestion, skin contact or direct injection. Poisoning can be caused by germs, inedible products, inappropriate medications, criminal poisons or toxic natural or synthetic products. Symptoms of poisoning can vary depending on the type of poisoning and can include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, convulsions, loss of consciousness and even death.
Respiratory poisoning is caused by the inhalation of volatile substances such as carbon monoxide. It is important not to confuse it with asphyxiation, which is the absence of oxygen. Symptoms of respiratory poisoning may include:
- loss of consciousness.
Food poisoning is mainly caused by eating food contaminated with germs such as botulism or by eating inedible products such as certain mushrooms. Symptoms of food poisoning can include:
- abdominal pain
Drug poisoning is caused by the use of an inappropriate medication or by taking too much of a drug. Symptoms of drug poisoning can include
- vision problems.
Addiction is a form of voluntary intoxication caused by the repeated use of a psychoactive substance. Symptoms of addiction may include:
- physical and psychological dependence,
- abstinence fits,
- behavioral problems.
Poisoning is caused by the administration of a poison for criminal purposes, by a defense mechanism of a plant or animal (venom) or by the contact of the body with a toxic product, natural or synthetic. Symptoms of poisoning may vary depending on the substance, but may include:
- respiratory problems,
It is important to understand the different types of poisoning and their symptoms in order to be able to quickly and effectively identify a case of poisoning and administer the appropriate care. It is also important to prevent poisoning by avoiding sources of potentially toxic substances and by following the instructions for use for drugs and chemicals. When in doubt, it is recommended to consult a physician or contact emergency services for immediate medical advice. It is also important to remember that some types of intoxication, such as substance abuse, may require professional intervention to manage the addiction and associated behavioral problems.