Heat stroke is a medical condition that can have serious health consequences and even lead to death if not treated promptly. This condition is caused by a buildup of heat in the body that results from exposure to high ambient temperatures, strenuous physical exertion or excessive exposure to radiation.

Hyperthermia, on the other hand, is a medical condition characterized by an increase in body temperature above the normal range, which is usually 37 to 37.5°C. This elevation can be caused by a variety of factors, including exposure to heat, strenuous exercise, excessive exposure to radiation, the use of certain substances or medications, and many others.

It is important to understand the different causes of hyperthermia and the potential consequences in order to take appropriate preventive measures. Precautions to avoid this dangerous condition in hot weather include staying hydrated, avoiding direct sun exposure, wearing light, loose-fitting clothing, taking cool showers or baths, and seeking cool, shaded areas whenever possible.

Heat stroke and hyperthermia are potentially serious medical conditions that require special attention, especially in hot weather. It is therefore essential to take appropriate preventive measures to avoid these conditions and to consult a health care professional if symptoms appear.


Definition and Meaning

Heat stroke is a medical condition caused by prolonged exposure to high temperatures and high humidity that can occur when the body is unable to regulate its internal temperature. Symptoms of heat stroke can include high fever, nausea, vomiting, confusion, drowsiness, rapid heart rate and rapid, shallow breathing. Those most at risk for heat stroke include the elderly, children, athletes, workers exposed to high temperatures and people with chronic illnesses. Heat stroke is a medical emergency that requires immediate intervention to prevent serious complications, such as brain damage or multiple organ failure.

Causes of hyperthermia

Sunstroke is a form of hyperthermia caused by prolonged exposure to the sun.

Classic heat stroke is caused by exposure to high ambient temperatures, such as during a heat wave or in a hot industrial environment.

Intense exertion with poor heat dissipation can also cause hyperthermia, especially in hot, humid environments or if clothing is too insulating.

Excessive exposure to radiation, such as that caused by radio communication antennas or cell phones, can lead to radio frequency heat stroke.

Some substances, such as MDMA (ecstasy), can also cause hyperthermia.


Consequences of hyperthermia

When body temperature exceeds 41.5°C, there is a risk of irreversible brain complications and even death.

The rate of metabolic reactions also increases as body temperature rises, which can lead to organ and tissue damage.

Bottom line

It is important to take steps to prevent hyperthermia, such as:

  • taking shelter from the heat,
  • wearing light, airy clothing,
  • avoiding the use of hazardous substances,
  • stay hydrated by drinking water or electrolyte-rich beverages,
  • etc.

If symptoms of hyperthermia occur, such as nausea, vomiting, headache or confusion, it is important to seek medical attention immediately.

Also be aware of the risks associated with hot weather and the risks to the elderly or chronically ill.