Defibrillation is a medical procedure used to restore normal heart rhythm by passing a short duration electrical current through the heart. This procedure is typically used to treat heart rhythm disorders, including atrial and ventricular fibrillation. It is important to note that ventricular fibrillation is a potentially life-threatening condition if not treated promptly.
The chances of survival for a patient with ventricular fibrillation are greatest when defibrillation is performed immediately. For this reason, advances in computer technology have made it possible for non-medically trained individuals to perform this procedure using an automated external defibrillator. This technology allows anyone to place the electrodes on the patient's chest and activate the device to deliver an electric shock to restore the heart's normal rhythm.
However, it is important to note that defibrillation is a medical procedure and training from a medical professional is required to interpret the results of the device and adjust the settings accordingly. Individuals using an automated external defibrillator should also be aware of safety procedures to avoid complications during the procedure.
Defibrillation is a critical medical intervention to restore normal heart rhythm in victims with atrial and ventricular fibrillation. Technological advances have made it possible for individuals without medical training to perform this procedure using an automated external defibrillator, but it is important to note that professional training is required to interpret the results of the device and adjust settings accordingly.
Definition and objectives
Defibrillation is a medical procedure that consists of administering an external electric shock to a heart that has a rhythm disorder called fibrillation. The objective of this procedure is to restore a normal and effective heart rhythm. Medication may also be used to correct certain heart rhythm disorders.
The different types of fibrillation
There are two types of fibrillation: atrial fibrillation, which affects the atria and is not life-threatening, and ventricular fibrillation, which affects the ventricles of the heart and can be fatal if not treated quickly. Fibrillation can result from disease or a traumatic cause, such as electrocution.
Importance of early defibrillation
Defibrillation is the only approach that can provide a chance of survival under the right conditions. The chances of survival are maximized if defibrillation is performed early. Thanks to advances in computer technology, it is now possible for a computer to recognize a shockable rhythm, which has led to the creation of semi-automatic defibrillators (AEDs) and fully automatic defibrillators (FADs) that can be used by rescuers and even by the general public.
It is important to note that successful defibrillation does not guarantee the victim's survival, as complications such as hypoxia (lack of oxygen to the brain) can lead to irreversible neurological sequelae.